Wood charcoal: Profits Behind his Dark Charcoal

Wood charcoal: Profits Behind his Dark Charcoal


Wood charcoal: Profits Behind kelamnya Charcoal

Cornelius Triyanto completely overwhelmed. Japanese charcoal industry bamboo charcoal orderer 8 containers a month. At first he could not. It’s hard to find, many say this rare stuff,” said the exporter broom fibers. After 6 months of traveling around Java, the goods were finally obtained but only a steady 2 containers or 18 tons / month. However, for Triyanto was quite favorable because the purchase price from the manufacturer in Pekalongan, Central Java, only US $ 1.4 / kg and the selling price at US $ 2.4 / kg. That means he pocketed the profit Rp165.600.000 month.

Fortunately would be doubled if it is capable of supplying the entire demand,” said Triyanto. That is why, the man born in Solo, Central Java still looking for supplies to various centers of planting bamboo in order to produce the charcoal itself. Therefore, some manufacturers do not meet the criteria of bamboo charcoal. Charcoal requested by Japanese importers have a maximum moisture content of 0.3%. Because bamboo charcoal was used as a decoration at the same time absorbing the steam room function removes unwanted odors.
The types of bamboo that can charred bamboo betung vary among others, ater, ropes, and bamboo buggy mode of production is very easy. With this method of stockpiling, bamboo burned for 24 hours at 30 cm soil depth and then allowed to stand for one day for cooling Many manufacturers who want to quickly get the money, so do not want to wait for cooling,” said Triyanto. Because flushing water, bamboo charcoal moisture more than 5%. If it were so, the absorption charcoal is no longer functioning, importers were rejected.

coconut shell
Agus, coconut shell charcoal producers in Ujungberung, Bandung, West Java also reap huge demand. Processing plant palm oil in Pekanbaru, Riau asked fine charcoal supply (grains) as much as 200 tons per month. That does not include a request exporters who had come to him, 2,000 tons per month. Agus now only supply 3-5 tons per month for water treatment plants around Bandung, West Java. With the price of Rp 2,000 per kg, turnover reached Rp10million per month. Because the cost of production only Rp1,200 per kg so the net profit ditangguk IDR4million a month.

Agus start a charcoal business performance inspired refill drinking water machine. Curious because he opened it, poorer machine consisting of activated carbon filter, active sand and zeolite. As soon as he looked for the source of activated charcoal. Colleagues said activated charcoal made from coconut shells and has a high price. When Agus asked to one of the main active charcoal factory, the company was actually challenged to supply 10 tonnes of charcoal per month. Agus was stirred and opened coconut shell charcoal factory in January 2006 to make briquettes and charcoal granules or granules.
Production initially by 5 quintals then demand increased to 3-5 tons. Supply of raw materials obtained from charcoal producers in Bandung, Ciamis, Tasikmalaya and Garut. Raw materials such as coconut shell charcoal, it must be dry and clean of dust, if the machine is not easily damaged and the filter is destroyed. The yield granuk obtained only 20% of the weight of the shell. The granules are produced depending on demand, typically 4 mm, 3 mm, 2 mm, and 1 mm.

activated charcoal
According to Agus, if it is able to supply in the form of activated charcoal in it doubled. Therefore, activated charcoal market price five times higher than the current granular charcoal produced. Unfortunately, the production of large capital needs. Activation charcoal charcoal using a similar process, carried out in two ways: chemical processes or physical processes. In the chemical process, raw materials are mixed and molded to certain chemicals. After it was heated at 100 ° C. After washing water should be dried again at 300 ° C. While the physical processes, raw materials are made into charcoal is then milled, sieved and reheated to a temperature of 1000 ° C is accompanied steam flow. That means Agus require additional combustion engine.

Which produces activated charcoal is Daniel in Bandung. The former contractor that water supply coconut shell activated charcoal origin to the state oil company as absorbing impurities in the waste oil. Late January he supplies 40 tons worth of Rp7,000 / kg. That means he gained Rp280million turnover. The cost of production is only Rp2.000,00,” said Daniel. So on the one-time supply he had made a profit of 200million. Fortunately, it does not necessarily obtained. Disbursed capital to build a factory activated charcoal was more than 500million divided for machines, laboratory development, and research.

Research conducted civil engineering alumnus of the Bandung Institute of Technology effectively
Raise the yield and accelerate production. Usually other plant takes 12 hours to yield 20%, production I can reach 2-5 hours with a yield of 30%, said Daniel. The main indicator of absorption was still good quality, amounting to 1,000 mlgr / g. So the cost of production to be cheap.
Profit is lucrative. However, not all manufacturers sip the same profit as Triyanto, Agus, and Daniel. Wira Gustria example. Charcoal producers in Sidoarjo, Surabaya was a loss because the cost of production is not comparable to the selling price. In production, 4 kg shell only produce 1 kg of charcoal. If the price of Rp250 per kg shell means raw materials only 1,000. Though charcoal valuable only Rp1,250. with the cost of transportation and labor costs that the breakeven value. If you have to compete in the market. Also do not go in, said the man born in Padang, West Sumatra. Therefore, the price of coal for combustion satay price of Rp300Rp400 / kg.
He has been exploring a large market for the supply of 20 tons to an activated charcoal processing company in Jakarta. However, the purchase price is very low, only Rp1,100. It was just a difference of 200 from the price of charcoal production in Jombang and Probolinggo. The value is not even enough to pay for transport and trade,” said Agus. Therefore Wira was only able to produce charcoal for 3 months before finally switching to wood charcoal. Charcoal is more expensive precious wood, Rp1.350 / kg, while the cost of production of Rp700Rp900 / kg,” said Wira.
But that does not mean he gets a big profit. Beginning play charcoal, he supplies a mosquito coil company but the payment faltered, whereas raw materials must be repaid. Another with friends Wira, who regularly send Hanjanu Wowor acid charcoal 40 tons per month from 1997 to 2003 to California, suddenly stopped because the buyer directly transact with suppliers.
broad market
Actually, a lot of countries that require charcoal from Indonesia,” said Jhonny W Main, Director of PT Dian Niaga charcoal briquettes that have been exported to Europe and Japan for 20 years. Received a request from Japan reached 10,000 kg which must be supplied every month. Unfortunately, kulaitas charcoal Indonesia decreased. Coal quality parameters of 7,000 calories is no longer achievable. That is why, Dian Niaga no longer dependent on the supply of plant but mem own charcoal production in Pontianak, West Kalimantan.
Because able to maintain the quality, increasing the supply of charcoal. In 2005 he sent a 1-2 kontainera ririskiky continuous per month. Then increased 4-5 containers in 2006. However, the highest exports in 2002, as many as 7-8 containers. Down the value of exports for the issue of mad cow and avian flu, so people overseas are afraid to burn his flesh, said Alumnus Parahyangan University, Bandung.
However Jhonny sure charcoal demand in the world market in the coming years is increasing. It proved to forecast the needs of charcoal in Europe, either for burning or activated charcoal industry reached 200,000 tons per year. Indonesia as a major producer of coconut shell charcoal would be flooded with orders, of course, the quality should be good. Otherwise the Philippines, Thailand, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam is ready to accommodate the shortfall.


CV. Nusa Alam Gemilang
Jl. Golf Komplek Wengga IV Blok B No. 49,
Banjar Baru, Kalimantan Selatan 70723,

Phone : +62 822 3863 7555
Email : connect@woodcharcoalbbq.com

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