Production of wood charcoal

Production of wood charcoal

Production of wood charcoal

 

Kerosene or gas, the actual price will be higher still, because of dwindling reserves. Households increasingly hassle to find alternative fuels. But to entrepreneurs, business opportunities it will open. Outside the oil and gas, alternative fuels for household include charcoal. Today, fuel charcoal is among the most expensive. For employers the high price of charcoal actually quite interesting to be addressed. In addition to fuel, charcoal is also absorbed by the industry for activated carbon, and the agricultural sector for orchid growing media. Until real opportunity charcoal agro industry has pretty good prospect, even when the price of oil and gas soared like this now.

Decent charcoal for household fuels, industrial activated carbon or orchid growing media, must be of hardwood charcoal. Hardwood whose population is quite a lot, among others, rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum), longan (Euphoria longan), mangroves (Rhizophora apiculata, Rhizophora mucronata, Rhizophora conjugata), fires (Avicennia officinalis, Avicennia alba, Avicennia marina), brown manila (Achras zapota), rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia), kosambi, (Schleichera oleosa), angsana (Pterocarpus indicus), leucaena (Leucaena leucocephala), kaliandra, (Calliandra calothyrsus), frangipani (Plumeria acuminata), Gliricidia (Gliricidia maculata), acacia (Acacia mangium), and mountain acacia (Acacia catechu).

Actually there are many other hardwoods, but the population is very limited. Leucaena or kaliandra good for charcoal, must be old. Plant growth is quite fast, up to the age of five years can be harvested for charcoal raw materials. As a rule, stem diameter or kaliandra lamtoro be made charcoal, must have reached at least 20 cm. The older age of the plant, the better the quality of the charcoal produced. Branches are well made charcoal, the smallest diameter of 5 cm. Smaller than that, the quality of ashes is not very good, because it will be easily broken and destroyed. In contrast, stem diameter is already above 30 cm, is also not good for making charcoal, because of the possibility of quite large crude.

The process of making charcoal, it is best done in the rainy season. Because the possibility to burn to ashes, is relatively small. In the dry season, the soil is too porous, even partially disintegrated into dust, flakes, broken, or a larger chunk. Land with a character like this, it would be easy once bypassed air (oxygen), and smoke. Until burning charcoal becomes more intensive. As a result, the wood is not the charcoal, but ash. In rainy season, the soil will be more massive, oxygen is hard to pass up. Possibility of charcoal burned down to ashes becomes smaller.

On the negative side, massive soil and oxygen resulted difficult to enter, can also result in incomplete combustion processes. As a result of charcoal can still raw. Two of these possibilities must be overcome, so that the process of composing went well, and the charcoal produced absolutely perfect. In order not raw charcoal, overcome by setting up litter and dry wood as needed minimal. In order charcoal is not burned out, overcome by choosing the location where the soil is still wet authoring. For example, near a source of water. Land in these locations should also be non-rocky, so that air does not leak into, and charcoal burned down to ashes.

Trees will be felled charcoal made directly at the base. It could also just taken branches, especially the diameter has been in the top 5 cm. Diameter tree trunk still below 30 cm, are also branches in the top 5 cm, then cut along 1 m. Crooked branches, branched, or irregular shape, to be cut, to be allowed to form stacked neatly with other pieces of stems and branches. Branches with a diameter below 30 cm, twigs, and leaves, collected and separated from the branches and trunk diameter above 5 cm.

To compose 1 m3 of timber, wood and litter is required 1/3 dry for a starter. The trick, first dry litter placed in the ground, width about 1 m2, less. On top of the litter was placed dry wood, then burned. Slowly, the timber will be made charcoal (wet wood), laid out on it. One sap wood is wet, covered with litter below the branches. Then put another wet wood, to form a mound. The wooden mound, then covered with a rather thick wet litter. Dry wood combustion, can be done before the arrangement wet wood, can also be styled after wet wood finishes.
After making sure that the flame will not die, then the litter on the mound was covered with earth. Structuring the litter dry, dry wood, wet wood and wet litter, to be precise, to the combustion can take place seperlahan possible. How, in the middle of the dry wood, dry wood is placed in a large enough size, the diameter from 20 to. 30 cm. Combustion will be slow, but the fire did not die when the smoke that comes out quite thick, and the color white. If the smoke is thick, but the color is black, or gray, meaning fire burning too strong, because the incoming air is too much.
Smoke sought out only from the top of a mound of charcoal. For this to happen, the closure of the land thickened at the bottom, while the upper part, rather dipertipis. Artisan charcoal, usually made at once three to four mounds in a day. Until during the authoring process, they can keep an eye on at once three to four mounds. In fact there are at once made more than five stacks in a day, and besuknya make up more than five piles again. So during the stay of three to four days in the fields or woods, artisan charcoal can oversee at once many bumps.
The key to success of the process of making traditional charcoal, lies in the balance between dry wood burning slowly, and heat up to the extent of wet wood into charcoal. To that end, closing with litter, and backfilling with soil, to be precise, until the air can still enter, but not enough to make charcoal lit (smoldering), until the charcoal ashes. When the whole timber has become charcoal and brittle, then pile above ground, will push down. The wood mound collapse (incompressible), until the oxygen did not get in, and the fire will die. Once cool, charcoal mound can be dismantled.

 

 

 

 

 

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